In microbiology and medical sciences, any pathogenic microorganism that causes infectious disease whether they are bacteria, viruses, or other microorganism is called germ. Germicide and bacteriostat are two technical terms with different definitions.
Using natural orange oil and food-grade natural fermented bacteriostatic factors (food additives approved by the Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare), it is really clean for decontamination and bacteriostatic.
Bacteriostatic 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP is a sterile, nonpyrogenic, isotonic solution of sodium chloride in water for injection. Each milliliter (mL) contains sodium chloride 9 mg and 0.9% (9 mg/mL) benzyl alcohol added as a bacteriostatic preservative. May contain hydrochloric acid for pH adjustment. It is supplied in a multiple-dose container from which repeated withdrawals may be made to dilute or dissolve drugs for medication. The pH is 5.0 (4.5 to 7.0).
It is only safe to inject bacteriostatic water when it is diluted with the appropriate medication and aseptic techniques are closely followed. Injecting bacteriostatic water alone can cause hemolysis (the rupturing of blood vessels).
What does bacteriostatic mean? Bacteriostatic is a term used to describe any agent or substance that has the ability to prevent bacterial growth. Bacteriostatic solutions differ from bactericidal solutions in that bactericidal agents have the ability to kill bacteria. Bacteriostatic agents do not kill bacteria, they only keep the bacteria in a stationary phase of growth. They do this by stalling bacterial cellular activity. In reality, most antibacterial agents can be classified as both bacteriostatic and bactericidal depending on the type and strain of pathogenic (disease-causing) agents they encounter.
The word bacteriostatic is derived from two Greek words: bakterion, meaning "small staff" and staikos, meaning "causing to stand." When bacteria were first observed, early scientists noticed that they maintained a rod shape, hence the reason they were called small staffs. As for the suffix static, "stand" refers to "standing still," as in a lack of movement of growth.
What is bacteriostatic water? Bacteriostatic water is a sterile solution that contains 0.9% benzyl alcohol. Benzyl alcohol is an aromatic organic molecule with a six-membered ring and one hydroxymethyl (CH2-OH) attachment. The alcohol is an added preservative that contributes to the solution's bacteriostatic nature. Bacteriostatic water is most often used to dilute drugs to their proper concentration before they are injected parenterally. Parenteral drug administration involves administering drugs by any means other than orally or through the alimentary canal (digestive tract).
Primarily, healthcare professionals use bacteriostatic water for injection purposes. Most drugs must be diluted to their proper concentrations before being introduced to the human body. This is to ensure that the drug is not administered at levels that may be toxic to the patient. In order to dilute a medication, bacteriostatic water is added to the drug solution until the desired concentration is reached.
Bacteriostatic water is sterile water that contains benzyl alcohol to prevent bacterial growth. Sterile water is water that does not have any microbes in it. Bacteriostatic solutions differ from bactericidal solutions in that they only prevent bacterial growth rather than kill bacteria upon exposure. Bacteriostatic water is made by combining sterile water with 0.9% benzyl alcohol. The alcohol is used as a preservative to prevent bacterial growth. Bacteriostatic water is most often used to dilute medications that are then injected into a patient. Due to a solution's bacteriostatic nature, a sterile syringe can be inserted into the mixture multiple times without fear of contamination. In other words, bacteriostatic water allows for more than use. However, when using bacteriostatic water, one must follow aseptic techniques to help prevent bacterial contamination. Aseptic techniques are certain practices and procedures used to prevent the spread of microbes.
Bacteriostatic water behaves differently than sterile water. Sterile water is used to irrigate (flush) wounds, while bacteriostatic water is not. Sterile water does not present a threat to patients with an alcohol allergy; however, bacteriostatic water could cause serious symptoms for the same patient. Neither bacteriostatic water nor sterile water should be injected into a patient's veins without medication because it can cause red blood cells to split. This is called hemolysis. However, bacteriostatic water is still the preferred solution for long-term storage and use.
You might ask yourself, why doesn't bacteriostatic water just use an agent that kills bacteria outright? It's true, bacteriostatic water doesn't contain an anti-bacterial agent like some other fluids for injection, so it doesn't kill bacteria off - it just prevents bacteria from growing in the water. But anti-bacterial agents can have adverse reactions to medications, while benzyl alcohol doesn't. Therefore, bacteriostatic water can be used for a broader array of drug dilutions or injections without negatively interacting with bacteria-destroying additives.
Sterile and bacteriostatic water contain no bacteria, but once they are used for the first time (usually by the insertion of a syringe) the container can become contaminated. This is why sterile water can only be used once. The advantage of bacteriostatic water is that bacteria that might contaminate it simply can't grow and reproduce, or act as an infectious agent, and so can be used repeatedly.
Most manufacturers of bacteriostatic water recommend that any unused water be discarded after 28 days, just in case the benzyl alcohol has lost any of its efficiency in preventing bacterial growth over time.
If you inject bacteriostatic water that is not mixed with a compound, it may cause some blood cells to burst, a condition known as hemolysis ('hemo-' means blood, and 'lysis' is bursting or splitting). This is because unmixed bacteriostatic water is not isotonic, meaning it won't have particles that are balanced with those in the human bloodstream. Bacteriostatic water is therefore not recommended for those clear, direct intravenous drip bags.
Newborns, or neonatal babies, shouldn't be treated with medicine mixed with 0.9% benzyl alcohol bacteriostatic water. The benzyl alcohol can cause changes in blood pressure or even be toxic to a baby so young.
Used throughout many hospital settings, bacteriostatic water is a sterile water made to inhibit the growth of bacteria by adding 0.9% benzyl alcohol or a salt solution. It is used to inject diluted or dissolved medication into a patient's body. Bacteriostatic water doesn't use an anti-bacterial agent, so bacteria might still be present, but cannot grow. This makes bacteriostatic water the perfect candidate for a broader array of medicinal applications.
Bacteriostatic water shouldn't be used for spinal treatment, in a drip bag, or in neonatal babies, where the addition of benzyl alcohol can be toxic or raise blood pressure. Using bacteriostatic water without mixing in a compound can create an isotonic condition in a patient's bloodstream, and make red blood cells burst through hemolysis.
With a little caution and a lot of knowledge on the interactions of medicines, the age and status of the patient, and the best mode of application, bacteriostatic water can save lives with the medicine it delivers. 041b061a72